HPV Vaccine (Human Papillomavirus Vaccine): Parent Consent Form
(Human Papillomavirus Vaccine)
Helps prevent cancers caused by HPV infection
Parent consent form
Please sign and return the form to school.
HPV Vaccine Parent Consent Form
All year 8 students are being offered a free vaccine at school to help protect them against infection from nine types of human papillomavirus (HPV) that can lead to a range of cancers later in life.
This form provides you with information about the HPV vaccine, and seeks your permission for your child to be immunised at school.
This form has two sections. The first is an information section for you to read and keep. The second section is the consent form which needs to be filled in and returned to your school.
What is HPV?
HPV is a common virus that spreads through intimate skin to skin contact. Without immunisation, most people will have an HPV infection at some point in their lives. Most HPV infections get better on their own and don't cause any obvious symptoms. But some HPV infections don't get better, and can lead to cancer many years later if they aren't detected and treated first.
Some types of HPV are more likely to cause cancer than others and other types of HPV cause warts. The seven HPV types most likely to cause cancer and the two HPV types that cause most genital warts can be prevented by immunisation.
Cancers caused by HPV
Cancers caused by HPV affect both men and women. HPV can cause cancer in various parts of the body, particularly the genital area, throat or mouth. The most common is cervical cancer, which is cancer of the lower part of the uterus or womb. Each year in New Zealand, around 160 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and around 50 women die from it.
What is the vaccine and how does it work?
The HPV vaccine is called Gardasil®9. It protects against nine types of HPV – seven that can cause cancer and two that cause warts. The vaccine works by causing the body to make antibodies that fight HPV. If an immunised person comes into contact with HPV, the antibodies in their blood will fight the virus and protect them against being infected. It usually takes several weeks after vaccination to develop protection against HPV.
The vaccine cannot cause HPV infection or cancer.
Immunising your child on time against HPV helps protect them from a range of cancers.
How well does the HPV vaccine work?
The vaccine is very effective in preventing infection from the nine types of HPV responsible for around 90 percent of the cancers caused by HPV. Protection is expected to be long-lasting. In studies, almost everyone who received the vaccine was protected against HPV infection and disease.
Over the past 11 years, the number of HPV infections and diseases has fallen significantly among young people in countries offering HPV immunisation, including New Zealand.
For this vaccine to be most effective people should be immunised before they are exposed to HPV, which means well before they start having any sexual contact.
People also need to have all the recommended number of vaccine doses for their age. Younger people need fewer doses (two instead of three) of the vaccine to be protected because they respond better to the vaccine than older people.
Those immunised at a younger age develope stronger immunity.
How safe is the vaccine?
HPV vaccine has an excellent safety record. More than 100 million doses of HPV vaccine have been given over the past 11 years, and the best evidence to date shows no increase in reactions over any other childhood vaccine. For a list of possible reactions, see the common reactions section
Who shouldn't be immunised?
There are very few children who shouldn’t be immunised. If your child has had a serious reaction to a vaccine in the past, you should talk to your doctor, specialist or nurse before signing this consent form.
Children with asthma or allergies, or who are recovering from an illness such as the common cold can still be immunised.
If immunised, will girls still need to have cervical smear tests when they are older?
Yes. Regular cervical screening is still needed following HPV immunisation. The vaccine protects against most cancer-causing HPV types, but people can still become infected with another HPV type not included in the vaccine. For more information about the cervical screening programme see the National Screening Unit’s website at www.nsu.govt.nz
How is the vaccine given?
HPV vaccine is given as an injection in the upper arm. People aged 14 years or younger need two injections. The second injection is given at least 6 months after the first injection. Older people need three injections.
As with any immunisation, your child is likely to have a sore arm and get redness, pain or swelling at the injection site. Other reactions that can occur, usually within one or two days, include:
- a fever (feeling hot)
- nausea (feeling sick)
- fainting, dizziness (light-headedness). Having a good breakfast or lunch before immuisation can prevent fainting or dizziness
- general discomfort (feeling unwell, aches and pains).
Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction which can occur with any vaccine. It happens rarely, to around three people out of every million vaccines given, and usually within minutes of a vaccine being given. Every vaccinating nurse is trained and able to deal with such a reaction. The nurse will watch your child for 20 minutes after each immunisation. This is standard practice following any immunisation. The nurse will also give your child advice about what to do after the immunisation.
What alternatives are there to having the immunisation at school?
HPV immunisation is also available from family doctors and local health centres. If you change your mind about whether your child should receive HPV vaccine at school (before or after any of the vaccines are given), please contact the public health nurse directly – their contact details are on the final page of the information section of this form.
Delaying the vaccine may mean your child needs more injections to be protected, as people aged 15 years and older need three injections.
Where can I get more information?
- Speak to the public health nurse or your doctor or practice nurse
- Visit www.health.govt.nz/hpv for a video clip and more information about the vaccine
- See the Consumer Medical information published at www.medsafe.govt.nz/consumers/cmi/g/gardasil9.pdf
- Freephone 0800 IMMUNE (0800 466 863)
Contact the public health nurse directly if you would like more information about filling in the Parent Consent Form or if you would like this information in another language.
Summary Consumer Medicine Information
- Gardasil®9 is a vaccine that helps prevent the following diseases caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58: cervical vulvar, vaginal and anal cancer, abnormal and precancerous cervical vulvar, vaginal, genital and anal lesions, genital warts, HPV infection and other HPV cancers.
- Each 0.5 mL dose contains 30 micrograms (mcg) of HPV 6 L1 protein, 40 mcg of HPV 11 L1 protein, 60 mcg of HPV 16 L1 protein, 40 mcg of HPV 18 L1 protein, 20 mcg of HPV 31 L1 protein, 20 mcg of HPV 33 L1 protein, 20 mcg of HPV 45 L1 protein, 20 mcg of HPV 52 L1 protein, and 20 mcg of HPV 58 L1 protein
- Each 0.5 mL dose also contains sterile water and tiny amounts of aluminium, salt (sodium chloride), L-histidine, polysorbate 80, and sodium borate. These ingredients are all used commonly in other medicines and vaccines.
- The vaccine does not contain preservatives, antibiotics, or any human or animal materials.
- The vaccine is manufactured using yeast culture and may contain traces of yeast (Saccharomyces).
- Your child should not have the vaccine if they have an allergy to Gardasil®9 or any of its ingredients.
- The safety of Gardasil® 9 in pregnancy is unknown. Published data have not found any safety concerns among pregnant women who have been inadvertently vaccinated.
- If your child has any of the following conditions, please discuss with the public health nurse, your doctor or practice nurse before consenting to immunisation: any blood or bleeding diseases or a weakened immune system due, for example, to a genetic defect or Human immunodefi ciency virus (HIV) infection.
- Common reactions are listed overleaf. Other reactions might occur rarely. Reported adverse events are listed in the full Consumer Medicine Information and data sheet available from the Medsafe website.
- If your child has any unusual or severe symptoms after receiving Gardasil®9, please contact your family doctor or the public health nurse. Health professionals should report reactions that happen after immunisation to the Centre for Adverse Reactions Monitoring (CARM). You can also report them directly through the CARM website (www.otago.ac.nz/carm).
Further information is available from Medsafe: www.medsafe.govt.nz/consumers/cmi/g/gardasil9.pdf
The Code of Health and Disability Services Consumers’ Rights applies to all health and disability services in New Zealand. For more information, visit www.hdc.org.nz or call 0800 555 050.
Schools may have provided some information such as students’ names, room numbers, dates of birth, addresses and ethnicities. Your school should have notified you before doing so. This information, together with the information you provide on the Parent Consent Form, is used to help administer this immunisation programme.
Information from the consent form and details of each immunisation given or declined will be recorded by your district health baord, and some of it will be passed to the National Immunisation Register.
The National Immunisation Register is a national database, held by the Ministry of Health, which records immunisations given in New Zealand.
The information is protected by the Health Information Privacy Code. Only authorised health professionals will see, use, or change it. However, you may see your child’s information and correct any details; if you would like to do so, contact your public health nurse or doctor or health centre.
Public health nurses will use the information:
- to contact your doctor or health centre if they need to check which immunisations your child has already been given
- if your child has any health concerns
- to inform the school whether or not your child was immunised
- to help assess this immunisation programme and plan future programmes, or
- to refer your child to your family doctor or practice nurse for the immunisation if they missed it at school.
The National Screening Unit will use this information to support efforts to reduce cancer.
Information that does not identify individuals may be used for research purposes or to plan new services.
For more information about school roll sharing, privacy and the use of information, see your district health board’s privacy policies. If you have any questions about privacy, you can email email@example.com or contact the Privacy Commissioner’s free helpline on 0800 803 909